• Professor of International Relations and Political Science, Boston University
  • fewsmith@bu.edu
  • http://www.bu.edu/pardeeschool/profile/joseph-fewsmith/
  • 156 Bay State Road Room 401 Boston, Massachusetts 02215

Research interests: comparative politics, Chinese domestic and international politics.

Joseph Fewsmith is Professor of International Relations and Political Science at Boston University. He is the author or editor of eight books, including, most recently, The Logic and Limits of Political Reform in China (January 2013). Other works include China since Tiananmen (2nd edition, 2008) and China Today, China Tomorrow (2010). Other books include Elite Politics in Contemporary China (2001), The Dilemmas of Reform in China: Political Conflict and Economic Debate (1994), and Party, State, and Local Elites in Republican China: Merchant Organizations and Politics in Shanghai, 1890-1930 (1985). He is one of the seven regular contributors to the China Leadership Monitor, a quarterly web publication analyzing current developments in China.

Fewsmith travels to China regularly and is active in the Association for Asian Studies and the American Political Science Association. His articles have appeared in such journals as Asian Survey, Comparative Studies in Society and History, The China Journal, The China Quarterly, Current History, The Journal of Contemporary China, Problems of Communism, and Modern China. He is an associate of Pardee Center for the Study of the Longer Range Future at Boston University.

Chinese Name: 傅士卓

From the Fairbank Podcast:

研究兴趣:比较政治学,中国国内与国际政治

BOOKS:
The Logic and Limits of Political Reform in China (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013).

China Today, China Tomorrow: Domestic Politics, Economy, and Society, ed. (Lanham, MD: Roman & Littlefield, 2010)

China Since Tiananmen: From Deng Xiaoping to Hu Jintao, Second Edition (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008).

China’s Opening Society: The Non-State Sector and Governance, co-edited with Zheng Yongnian (London: Routledge, 2008).

China Since Tiananmen: The Politics of Transition (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001).

Elite Politics in Contemporary China (Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 2001).

The Dilemmas of Reform in China: Political Conflict and Economic Debate (Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 1994).

Party, State, and Local Elites in Republican China: Merchant Organizations and Fewsmith Politics in Shanghai, 1890-1930 (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1985).

 

ARTICLES IN REFEREED JOURNALS:
“Local Governance in China: Incentives & Tensions” (With Xiang GAO). Daedalus, Spring 2014), pp. 170-181.

“China in 2007,” Asian Survey, January 2007.

“The Sixteenth National Party Congress: The Succession that Didn’t Happen,” The China Quarterly, no. 173 (March 2003): 1-16.

“The Social and Political Implications of China’s Accession to the WTO,” in The China Quarterly, no. 167 (September 2001):573-591.

“China in 1998: Tacking to Stay the Course.” Asian Survey, 39, no. 1 (January/February 1999):99-113.

“Institutions, Informal Politics, and Political Transition in China.” Asian Survey, 36, no. 3 (March 1996):230-245.

“Neoconservatism and the End of the Dengist Era.” Asian Survey, 35, no. 7 (July 1995):635-651.

“Notes on the First Session of the Eighth National People’s Congress.” The Journal of Contemporary China, 3 (Summer 1993):81-86.

“China’s Thirteenth Party Congress: Explicating the Theoretical Bases of Reform.” Journal of Northeast Asian Studies, 7, no. 2 (Summer 1988):41-63.

“The P.R.C.’s Internal Political Dynamics.” Journal of Northeast Asian Studies, 6, no. 1 (Spring 1987):3-25.

“In Search of the Shanghai Connection.” Modern China, 11, no. 1 (January 1985):111-144.

“From Guild to Interest Group: The Transformation of Public and Private in Late Qing China.” Comparative Studies in Society and History, 25, no. 4 (October 1983): 617-640.

 

BOOK CHAPTERS:
Fewsmith “Governance in Comparative and Theoretical Perspective.” In Sujian Guo, StateSociety
Relations and Governance in China (Lanham, Boulder, New York, and London: Lexington Books, 2014), pp. 117-126.

“The Elusive Search for Effective Sub-County Governance.” In Elizabeth J. Perry and Sebastian Heilmann, eds., Mao’s Invisible Hand: The Political Foundations of Adaptive Governance in China. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011.

“Elite Politics: The Struggle for Normality.” In Joseph Fewsmith, ed., China Today, China Tomorrow: Domestic Politics, Economy, and Society (Lanham, MD: Roman & Littlefield, 2010), pp. 149-164.

“Political Creativity and Political Reform in China?” in Brantly Womack, ed., China’s Rise in Historical Perspective (Lanham, MD: Roman& Littlefield, 2010), pp. 227-246.

“Staying in Power: What Does the Chinese Communist Party Have to Do? In Cheng Li, ed., China’s Changing Landscape: Prospects for Democracy (Washington: The Brookings Institution, 2007).

“Chambers of Commerce in Wenzhou: Toward Civil Society?” in Joseph Fewsmith and Yongnian Zheng, eds., China’s Opening Society: The non-State Sector and Governance (London and New York: Routledge, 2008).

“The Politics of Economic Liberalization: Are There Limits?” in William W. Keller and Thomas G. Rawski, eds., China’s Rise and the Balance of Influence in Asia (Pittsburg, PA: The University of Pittsburg Press, 2007), pp. 74-94.

“The Political Economy of Cross-Strait Relations: Economic Interdependence, the WTO, and Security” in Julian Chang and Steven M. Goldstein, eds., Economic Reform and Cross-Strait Relations: Taiwan and China in the WTO (Singapore:
World Scientific, 2007).

“Political Succession: Changing Guards and Changing Rules,” in Tun-jen Cheng, Jacques deLisle, and Deborah Brown, eds., China Under Hu Jintao (Singapore: World Scientific, 2006), pp. 27-46.

“Hu Jintao’s Approach to Governance,” in John Wong and Lai Hongyi, eds., China into the Hu-Wen Era (Singapore: World Scientific, 2006), pp. 91-118.

“China’s Defense Budget: Is There Impending Friction between Defense and Civilian Needs?” in David M. Finelstein and Kristen Gunness, eds., Civil-Military Relations in Today’s China (Armonk, NK: ME Sharpe, 2006), pp. 202-213.

“China,” Countries at the Crossroads (New York: Freedom House, 2005).

“Elite Responses to Social Change and Globalization,” in Jude Howell, ed., Governance in China (Rowman and Littlefield, 2004), pp. 19-36.

“China’s Ruling Elite: The Politburo and Central Committee,” in Andrew Scobell and Larry Wortzel, eds., Civil-Military Change in China: Elite Institutions and Ideas after the 16th Party Congress (Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute,
2004), pp. 77-94.

“Does Economic Engagement Change China Politically?” In Kent H. Butts and Edward L. Hughes, eds., Economics and National Security: The Case of China. Carlisle, PA: U.S. Army War College, 2002.

“Where Do Correct Ideas Come From? The Party School, Key Think Tanks, and the Intellectuals,” in David Finkelstein and Maryanne Kivlehan, eds., China’s Leadership in the Twenty-First Century: The Rise of the Fourth Generation
(Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 2002).

“China’s Government.” Chapter 8 in Michael Curtis, ed., Comparative Politics, 5th Edition.

“The Evolving Shape of Elite Politics,” in Jonathan Unger, ed., The Nature of Chinese Politics: From Mao to Jiang (Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 2002), pp. 258-273.

“The Domestic Context of Chinese Foreign Policy: Does ‘Public Opinion’ Matter? In David M. Lampton, ed., The Making of Chinese Foreign and Security Policy, 1978-2000 (Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 2001).

“Historical Echoes and Chinese Politics: Can China Leave the Twentieth Century Behind?” In Tyrenne White, ed., China Briefing 2000: The Continuing Transformation (Armonk, NY: ME Sharpe, 2000), pp. 11-48.

“Formal Structures, Informal Politics, and Political Change in China.” In Lowell Dittmer, Haruhiro Fukui, and Peter N.S. Lee, eds., Informal Politics in East Asia, Cambridge University Press, 2000, pp.141-164.

“Institution Building and Democratization in China.” In Howard Handelman and Mark Tessler, eds., Democratization and Its Limits (University of Notre Dame Press, 2000).

“Elite Politics.” In Merle Goldman and Roderick MacFarquhar, eds., The Paradoxes of Reform, Harvard University Press, 1999, pp. 47-75.

“Chinese Politics on the Eve of the Fifteenth Party Congress.” China Review, 1997 (Hong Kong: The Chinese University of Hong Kong,1997).

“Plan Versus Market.” In Chris Hudson, ed., Regional Handbooks of Economic and Political Development: Prospects into the 21st Century, Volume 1: China (Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 1997).

“Reaction, Resurgence, and Succession: Chinese Politics Since Tiananmen.” In Chinese Politics: The Deng and Mao Eras, edited by Roderick MacFarquhar (2nd edition), pp. 472-531. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

“The Government of China.” In Introduction to Comparative Government, edited by Michael Curtis (4th edition), pp. 397-448. New York: HarperCollins, 1997.

“China After Deng.” In The 1997 World Book Year Book, pp. 122-131. Chicago: World Book, Inc., 1997.

“China.” In The Encyclopedia of Democracy, edited by Seymour Martin Lipset. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Books, 1995.

“The May Fourth Movement.” In The Encyclopedia of Democracy, edited by Seymour Martin Lipset. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Books, 1995.

“The Three People’s Principles.” In The Encyclopedia of Democracy, edited by Seymour Martin Lipset. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Books, 1995.

“Bulwark of the Planned Economy: The Structure and Role of the state Planning Commission.” In Decision Making in Deng’s China: Perspectives from Insiders, edited by Carol Lee Hamrin and Suisheng Zhao, 51-65. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1994.

“Reform, Resistance, and the Politics of Succession.” In China Briefing: 1994. edited by William A. Joseph, 7-34. New York: The Asia Society, 1994.

“American Policy Toward Asia, 1994” (in Japanese). In From Washington: The World Will Be Like This in 1994, edited by Yoshiki Hidaka, 180-202. Tokyo: Kakyushu Kenkyusha, 1994.

“China: 1994” (In Japanese). In From Washington: The World Will Be Like This in 1994, edited by Yoshiki Hidaka, 204-226. Tokyo: Kakyushu Kenkyusha, 1994.

“The Quickening Pace of Chinese Economic Reform” (in Japanese). In From Washington: The World Will Be Like This in 1993, edited by Yoshiki Hidaka, 196-214. Tokyo: Kakyushu Kenkyusha, 1993.

“Neoconservatism and the End of the Dengist Era.” Asian Survey, 35, no. 7 (July 1995):635-651.

“The Dengist Reforms in Historical Perspective.” In Contemporary Chinese Politics in Historical Perspective, edited by Brantly Womack, 23-52. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

“Economic Reform in China.” In Reform and Transformation in Communist Systems: Comparative Perspectives, edited by Ilpyong Kim and Jane Shapiro Zacek, 141-165. Washington, D.C.: The Washington Institute, 1991.

“Chinese Economic Reform: Intellectual Approaches and Political Conflict.” In Two Chinese States and Their Societies After Forty Years: Modernization in the People’s Republic of China and in the Republic of China, edited by Ramon
Myers, 198-228. Stanford: The Hoover Institution, 1990.

“China Among the Three Worlds.” East-West Rivalry in the Third World, edited by Robert W. Clawson, 315-334. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources Inc., 1986.

 

CHINA LEADERSHIP MONITOR
China Leadership Monitor is an e-journal established in 2001 with support of the Smith Richardson Foundation. Based at the Hoover Institution, it is published quarterly. It is available at www.chinaleadershipmonitor.org. I have responsibility
for the “reform” portfolio, and have contributed the following articles:

“Mao’s Shadow.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 43 (Winter 2013).

“Debating Constitutional Government.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 42 (Fall 2013).

“Xi Jinping’s Fast Start.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 41 (Spring 2013).

“The 18th Party Congress: Testing the Limits of Institutionalization.” China Leadership Monitor,No. 40 (Winter 2013).

“De Tocqueville in Beijing.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 39 (Fall, 2012).

“Bo Xilai and Reform: What Will Be the Impact of His Removal?” China Leadership Monitor, No. 38 (Summer 2012).

“Guangdong Leads Calls to Breakup “Vested Interests” and Revive Reform,” China Leadership Monitor, No. 37 (Spring 2012).

“‘Social Management’ as a Way of Coping with Heightened Social Tensions.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 36 (Winter 2012).

“Debating ‘The China Model’,” China Leadership Monitor, No. 35 (Summer 2011).

“Political Reform Was Never on the Agenda.” China Leadership Monitor, no. 34 (Winter 2011).

“Institutional Reforms in Xian’an,” China Leadership Monitor, No. 33 (Summer 2010).

“Bo Xilai Takes on Organized Crime” China Leadership Monitor, no. 32 (Spring 2010).

“Inner-Party Democracy: Development and Limitations” China Leadership Monitor, No. 31 (Winter 2010).

“What Zhao Ziyang Tells Us about Elite Politics in the 1980s,” in China Leadership Monitor, No. 30 (Fall 2009).

“Participatory Budgeting: Development and Limitations,” in China Leadership Monitor, No. 29 (Summer 2009).

“Social Order in the Wake of Economic Crisis,” in China Leadership Monitor,” No. 28 (Spring 2009).

“Tackling the Land Issue – Carefully,” in China Leadership Monitor, No. 27 (Winter 2009).

“An ‘Anger-Venting’ Mass Incident Catches the Attention of China’s Leadership,” in China Leadership Monitor, No. 26 (Fall 2008).

“What Happened in Maliu Township?” in China Leadership Monitor, No. 25 (Summer 2008).

“A New Upsurge in Reform? – Maybe.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 24 (Spring 2008).

“The 17th Party Congress: Informal Politics and Formal Institutions.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 23 (Winter 2008).

“Democracy Is a Good Thing.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 22 (Fall 2007).

“The Political Implications of China’s Growing Middle Class.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 21 (Summer 2007).

“Assessing Social Stability on the Eve of the 17th Party Congress.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 20 (Winter 2007).

“Exercising the Power of the Purse?” China Leadership Monitor, No. 19 (Fall 2006).

“Institutional Innovation at the Grassroots Level: Two Case Studies.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 18 (Spring 2006).

“Promotion of Qiu He Raises Questions about Direction of Reform.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 17 (Winter 2006).

“Chambers of Commerce in Wenzhou Show Potential ad Limits of ‘Civil Society’ in China.”China Leadership Monitor, No. 16 (Fall 2005).

“Taizhou Area Explores Ways to Improve Local Governance.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 15 (Summer 2005).

“China Under Hu Jintao.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 14 (Spring 2005).

“CCP Launches Campaign to Maintain the Advanced Nature of Party Members.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 13 (Winter 2005).

“Pressures for Expanding Local-Level Democracy.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 12 (Fall 2004).

“Promoting the Social Development Concept.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 11 (Summer 2004).

“Continuing Pressures on Social Order.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 10 (Spring 2004).

“The Third Plenary Session of the 16th Central Committee.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 9 (Winter 2004).

“Studying the Three Represents.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 8 (Fall 2003).

“China’s Response to SARS.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 7 (Summer 2003).

“China’s Domestic Agenda: Social Pressures and Public Opinion.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 6 (Spring 2003).

“The 16th Party Congress: Implications for Understanding Chinese Politics.”

China Leadership Monitor, No. 5 (Winter 2003).
“The 16th Party Congress: A Preview.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 4 (Fall 2002).

“Social Issues Move to Center Stage.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 3 (Summer 2002).

“Rethinking the Role of the CCP: Explicating Jiang Zemin’s Party Anniversary Speech.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 2 (Spring 2002).

“Is Political Reform Ahead? Beijing Confronts Problems Facing Society – and the CCP.” China Leadership Monitor, No. 1 (Winter 2002).

 

OTHER JOURNAL ARTICES:
“The 18th Party Congress: What’s at Stake?” Current History, vol. 111, No. 746 (September 2012): 203-208.

“The Political Economy of China’s Transition,” Policy Brief in Randall Peerenboom, ed., Is China Trapped in Transition: Implications for Future Reforms (Oxford: Foundation for Law, Justice and Society, 2007).

“China’s New Leadership: A One-Year Assessment,” Orbis, vol. 48, no. 2 (Spring 2004).

“China and the Politics of SARS.” Current History, vol. 102, no. 665 (September 2003), pp. 250-255.

“President Hu Jintao: Riding the Tiger of Politics and Public Health.” In Problems of Post-Communism, vol. 50, no. 5, September 2003:14-21.

“Il Capitalismo Communista” (Communist Capitalism), in Aspenia, no. 23 (2003): 34-41.

“Generational Transition in China,” The Washington Quarterly, v. 25, no. 4 (Autumn 2002): 23-35.

“Hu Jintao and Political Succession in the PRC.” In John Tkacik, Joseph Fewsmith, and Maryan Kivlehan, Hu’s Hu? Assessing China’s Heir Apparent, Hu Jintao (Heritage Foundation: Heritage Lectures, no. 736 [April 19, 2002]).

“The Politics of China’s Accession to WTO,” Current History, vol. 99, no. 638 (September 2000):268-273.

“The Impact of WTO/PNTR on Chinese Politics,” NBR Analysis, vol. 11, no 2 (July 2000).

“China and the WTO: The Politics Behind the Agreement,” NBR Analysis, Vol. 10, no. 5 (December 1999).

“The Impact of the Kosovo Conflict on China’s Political Leaders and Prospects for WTO Accession,” NBR Briefing, National Bureau of Asian Research, July 1999.

“Jiang Zemin Takes Command,” in Current History (September 1998):250-256.

“China’s Domestic Politics and Hong Kong,” National Bureau of Asian Research, Analysis, vol. 8, no. 3 (June 1997), The Hong Kong Transition and U.S.-China Relations, pp. 27-37.

“Chinese Elite Politics in Historical Perspective: Issues of Continuity and Discontinuity,” in Structural Change in Contemporary China, no. 3 (March
1997)

“Jockeying for Position in the Post-Deng Era.” Current History, 94, no. 593 (September 1995):252-258.

“China’s Response to the ‘Asianization’ of Asia.” In Depth, 4, no. 3 (Fall 1994):105-119.

“America and China: Back From the Brink.” Current History, 93, no. 584 (September 1994):250-255.

“Economic Reform in China and Its Implications for United States’ Policy.” In Depth, 3, no. 3 (Fall 1993).

“China After the Collapse of the CPSU.” Strategic Review, 20, no. 1 (Winter 1992):76-80.

“Agricultural Crisis in China.” Problems of Communism, 37, no. 6 (November-December 1988):78-92.

“Special Economic Zones in the PRC.” Problems of Communism, 35, no. 6 (November-December 1986):78-85.

“Rural Reform in China: Stage Two.” Problems of Communism, 34, no. 4 (July-August 1985):48-55.

“Response to Eastman.” Republican China, 9, no. 2 (February 1984):19-27.

BOOK REVIEWS:
Will China Democratize? If So, When and How?" (Review of Bruce Gilley, China's Democratic Future: How It Will Happen and Where It Will Lead), in Taiwan Journal of Democracy, v. 1, n. 2 (December 2005): 151-154.

Review of Unstately Power, Vol. I: Local Causes of China’s Economic Reforms, and Vol. II: Local Causes of China’s Intellectual, Legal, and Governmental Reforms, by Lynn T. White, III (Armonk, NY: ME Sharpe, 1998). In American Political Science Review, vol. 94, no. 2 (June 2000):499-500.

Review of Discovering Chinese Nationalism in China, by Yongnian Zheng (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999). In Political Science Quarterly, vol. 115, no. 2 (Summer 2000): 306-308.

Review of Proletarian Power: Shanghai in the Clutural Revolution, by Elizabeth J. Perry and Li Xun (Boulder, CO: Westview, 1997). In Journal of Politics, vol. 60, no. 2 (1998):569-571.

Review of China’s Quest for Modenization: A Historical Perspective, ed. by Frederick Wakeman and Wang Xi (Berkeley: Institute of East Asian Studies,
1997). In The China Quarterly
Review of Jiaofeng: Sanci Sixiang Jiefang Shilu (Crossed Swords: A True Account of the Three Periods of Ideological Liberation) by Ma Licheng and
Ling Zhijun (Beijing: Jinri Zhongguo Chubansh, 1998), 426 pp. In Foreign Policy, No. 113 (Winter 1998-99), pp. 107-110.

Review of Burying Mao, by Richard Baum (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994), Monumenta Serica, 44 (1996), pp. 544-546.

Review of China Awakenings, by James and Ann Tyson (Boulder, CO: Westview, 1995) and China Pop, by Jianying Zha (New York: The New Press, 1995), The Christian Science Monitor, September 6, 1995, p. 13.

Review of Ershi shiji Zhongguo zhengzhi: Cong hongguan lishi yu weiguan xingdong jiaodu kan (Twentieth Century Chinese Politics: Viewed from the Perspective of Macro History and Micro Action), by Zou Dang [Tang Tsou] (Hong Kong: Oxford University Press, 1994). The Journal of Contemporary
China, no. 8 (Spring 1995):106-112.

Review of China Review, 1993, edited by Joseph Yu-shek and Maurice Brosseau (Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press, 1993). The China Quarterly, no. 140 (December 1994):1188-1190.

Review of Disanzhi yanjing kan Zhongguo (Looking at China Through a Third Eye), by Luo yi ning ge er [pseud.], translated by Wang Shan (Taiyuan: Shanxi Publishing House, 1994). The Journal of Contemporary China, no. 7 (Fall 1994):100-104.

Review of Riding the Tiger: The Politics of Economic Reform in Post-Mao China, by Gordon White (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994):279-282.

Review of Schoolhouse Politicians: Locality and State During the Chinese Republic, by Helen R. Chauncey (Honoloulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1992), American Historical Review, 99, no. 1 (February 1994):284-285.

Review of China: From Revolution to Reform, by Sheng Hua, Xuejun Zhang, and Xiaopeng Luo (London: Macmillan, 1993). Journal of Asian Studies, 52, no. 4 (November 1993):979-980.

Review of Research in Asian Economic Studies, Vol. 3, edited by M. Dutta and Zhang Zhongji (Greenwich, Connecticut and London: JAI Press Inc., 1991). The China Quarterly, 136 (December 1993):1007.

Review of The Chinese State in the Era of Economic Reform, edited by Gordon White (London: Macmillan, 1991). The China Quarterly, 131

Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies