Mark C. Elliott

Vice Provost for International Affairs; Mark Schwartz Professor of Chinese and Inner Asian History; former Director of the Fairbank Center 2010-2011 (Acting), 2013-2015

Mark C. Elliott (欧立德) is the Mark Schwartz Professor of Chinese and Inner Asian History in the Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations and the Department of History at Harvard University. His first book, The Manchu Way: The Eight Banners and Ethnic Identity in Late Imperial China (Stanford, 2001), based on previously untouched Manchu-language sources, is an influential study in the “New Qing History” 新清史, an approach to the history of the last dynasty to rule in China that emphasizes the importance of Manchu political and military institutions in giving the last empire its particular shape and identity. His newest book is Emperor Qianlong: Son of Heaven, Man of the World (Longman, 2009), available in Korean (2012) and Chinese translations (2014). He is also the co-editor of New Qing Imperial History: Making Inner Asia Empire at Chengde (Routledge, 2004) and the author of numerous articles.

Professor Elliott teaches courses on the history of late imperial China, China and Inner Asia, as well as classes in Manchu studies, literary Manchu, and classical Mongolian. He is Vice Provost for International Affairs and chairs the PhD Committee in History and East Asian Languages.

Research interests: late imperial Chinese history; Manchu studies; Mongolian studies; history of relations between China and Inner Asia; the Silk Road; history of cartography; frontier studies; comparative empire; ethnicity and ethnic policy; contemporary historiography.

Selected Publications


  • Emperor Qianlong: Son of Heaven, Man of the World. Library of World Biography series. Longman/Pearson, 2009. Korean translation, October 2011. Chinese translation, May 2014.
  • New Qing Imperial History: The Making of Inner Asian Empire at Qing Chengde. With James Millward, Ruth Dunnell, and Philippe Foret. London and New York: RoutledgeCurzon, 2004.
  • The Manchu Way: The Eight Banners and Ethnic Identity in Late Imperial China. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. Paperback edition, 2003. Korean translation, 2009.
  • The Bordered Red Banner Archives in the Toyo Bunko I: Introduction and Catalogue, with Kanda Nobuo, et al. Tokyo: Toyo Bunko, 2001.
  • Catalogue of the Manchu-Mongolian Collection of the Harvard-Yenching Library. Volume in Harvard-Yenching. Bibliographic Series. Under contract with Guangxi Normal University Press. (in preparation)
  • Imperial China: A Very Short History. Under contract with Oxford University Press. (in preparation)


  • “The Case of the Missing Indigene: Debate over a ‘Second-Generation Ethnic Policy’.” The China Journal 73 (January 2015).
  • “Abel-Rémusat, la langue mandchoue et la sinologie.” Comptes Rendues de l’Academie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 2014.2 (April-June), pp. 973-993.
  • “Frontier Stories: The Periphery as Central in Qing History.” Frontiers of History in China 9.3 (December 2014), pp. 336-360.
  • “Chuantong Zhongguo shi yige diguo ma” 「传统中国是一个帝国吗」(Was traditional China an empire?). Dushu 《读书》2014.1.
  • “Ershiyishiji ruhe shuxie Zhongguo lishi: ‘Xin Qingshi’ yanjiu de yingxiang yu huiying” 「21世纪如何书写中国历史:“新清史”研究的影响与回应」(Writing Chinese history in the 21st c.: the influence and response to the “New Qing History”), with Ding Yizhuang 定宜庄. In Peng Wei 彭卫ed., Lishixue pinglun《历史学评论》(Critical Historical Review), vol. 1 (Beijing: SSAP, 2013), pp. 116-146.
  • “The Real China Model.” International Herald Tribune, 13 November 2012. 
  • “The Historical Vision of Shengshi.” China Heritage Quarterly 29 (March 2012). 
  • “Guanyu xin Qingshi de jige wenti” “关于新清史的几个问题”, in Liu Wenpeng et al., eds., Qingdai zhengzhi yu guojia rentong 《清代政治与国家认同》(Politics and national identity in the Qing) (Beijing: Renmin daxue cbs, 2012), pp. 3-15.
  • “Hushuo: The Northern Other and the Naming of the Han Chinese.” In Thomas Mullaney, et al., eds., Critical Han Studies (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2012) pp. 173-190.


Blog Posts