• Vice Provost for International Affairs; Mark Schwartz Professor of Chinese and Inner Asian History; former Director of the Fairbank Center
  • http://scholar.harvard.edu/elliott
  • 2 Divinity Avenue | Cambridge MA, 02138

Research interests: late imperial Chinese history; Manchu studies; Mongolian studies; history of relations between China and Inner Asia; the Silk Road; history of cartography; frontier studies; comparative empire; ethnicity and ethnic policy; contemporary historiography.

Mark C. Elliott is the Mark Schwartz Professor of Chinese and Inner Asian History in the Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations and the Department of History at Harvard University. His first book, < ,i>The Manchu Way: The Eight Banners and Ethnic Identity in Late Imperial China (Stanford, 2001), based on previously untouched Manchu-language sources, is an influential study in the "New Qing History" 新清史, an approach to the history of the last dynasty to rule in China that emphasizes the importance of Manchu political and military institutions in giving the last empire its particular shape and identity. His newest book is Emperor Qianlong: Son of Heaven, Man of the World (Longman, 2009), available in Korean (2012) and Chinese translations (2014). He is also the co-editor of New Qing Imperial History: Making Inner Asia Empire at Chengde (Routledge, 2004) and the author of numerous articles.

Professor Elliott teaches courses on the history of late imperial China, China and Inner Asia, as well as classes in Manchu studies, literary Manchu, and classical Mongolian. He is Vice Provost for International Affairs and chairs the PhD Committee in History and East Asian Languages.

From the Fairbank Podcast:

主要研究领域包括:晚清史、满洲研究、蒙古研究、中国与内亚关系史、丝绸之路研究、地图学史、边疆研究、帝国比较研究、民族与民族政策研究,以及当代历史编纂学。

欧立德教授现任哈佛东亚语言与文明系和历史系中国史和内亚史Mark Schwartz讲座教授。欧立德教授的第一本书《满洲之道:八旗制度与晚期中华帝国的民族认同》,立足于从前未被研究过的满文档案,在2001年出版以后立刻成为了新清史领域中最具影响力的作品之一。“新清史”是一种清史研究路径,强调满族政治和军事机构在形塑清代帝国及其身份认同的过程中所发挥的重要作用。欧立德教授的最新作品《乾隆帝》(2009)已经被翻译成韩文和中文。他不但是《New Qing Imperial History: Making Inner Asia Empire at Chengde》(2014)的合作主编,也是众多学术论文的作者。欧立德教授所教的课程包括:晚期中华帝国史、中国与内亚、其他满族研究课程、满文和古典蒙古文。此外,他也是哈佛国际事务副校长,并负责领导哈佛历史和东亚语言博士生导师委员会。

Books
Emperor Qianlong: Son of Heaven, Man of the World. Library of World Biography series. Longman/Pearson, 2009. Korean translation, October 2011. Chinese translation, May 2014.

New Qing Imperial History: The Making of Inner Asian Empire at Qing Chengde. With James Millward, Ruth
Dunnell, and Philippe Foret. London and New York: RoutledgeCurzon, 2004.

The Manchu Way: The Eight Banners and Ethnic Identity in Late Imperial China. Stanford: Stanford University
Press, 2001. Paperback edition, 2003. Korean translation, 2009.

The Bordered Red Banner Archives in the Toyo Bunko I: Introduction and Catalogue, with Kanda Nobuo, et al. Tokyo:
Toyo Bunko, 2001.

Catalogue of the Manchu-Mongolian Collection of the Harvard-Yenching Library. Volume in Harvard-Yenching
Bibliographic Series. Under contract with Guangxi Normal University Press. (in preparation)

Imperial China: A Very Short History. Under contract with Oxford University Press. (in preparation)

Articles and book chapters
“The Case of the Missing Indigene: Debate over a ‘Second-Generation Ethnic Policy’.” The China Journal 73 (January 2015).

“Abel-Rémusat, la langue mandchoue et la sinologie.” Comptes Rendues de l’Academie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 2014.2 (April-June), pp. 973-993.

“Frontier Stories: The Periphery as Central in Qing History.” Frontiers of History in China 9.3 (December 2014), pp. 336-360.

“Chuantong Zhongguo shi yige diguo ma” 「传统中国是一个帝国吗」(Was traditional China an empire?). Dushu 《读书》2014.1.

“Ershiyishiji ruhe shuxie Zhongguo lishi: ‘Xin Qingshi’ yanjiu de yingxiang yu huiying” 「21世纪如何书写中国历史:“新清史”研究的影响与回应」(Writing Chinese history in the 21st c.: the influence and response to the “New Qing History”), with Ding Yizhuang 定宜庄. In Peng Wei 彭卫ed., Lishixue pinglun《历史学评论》(Critical Historical Review), vol. 1 (Beijing: SSAP, 2013), pp. 116-146.

“The Real China Model.” International Herald Tribune, 13 November 2012. available at http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/14/opinion/the-real-china-model.html

“The Historical Vision of Shengshi.” China Heritage Quarterly 29 (March 2012). Available at www. chinaquarterly.org.

“Guanyu xin Qingshi de jige wenti” “关于新清史的几个问题”, in Liu Wenpeng et al., eds., Qingdai zhengzhi yu guojia rentong 《清代政治与国家认同》(Politics and national identity in the Qing) (Beijing: Renmin daxue cbs, 2012), pp. 3-15.

“Hushuo: The Northern Other and the Naming of the Han Chinese.” In Thomas Mullaney, et al., eds., Critical Han Studies (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2012) pp. 173-190.

“National Minds and Imperial Frontiers: Inner Asia and China in the New Century.” In William Kirby, ed., The People’s Republic of China at 60: An International Assessment (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011), pp. 401-412.

“The Qianlong Emperor and His Age.” Introductory essay in Nancy Berliner, ed., The Emperor’s Private Paradise: Treasures from the Forbidden City (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2010), pp. 32-50.

“On the Jiu Manzhou dang 舊滿洲檔 and Manbun rôtô (Manwen laodang) 滿文老檔.” Commentary Project for the Civilization Archive of the Center for Central Eurasian Studies, Seoul National University (2010). http://cces.snu.ac.kr/eng/sub2/sub2.html

“Shindai Manshûjin no aidentitii to Chûgoku tôchi”“清代満洲人のアイデンティティイと中国統治”(Manchu identity and rule in the Qing). In Okada Hidehiro, ed., Shinchô to ha nani ka『清朝とは何か』(What was the Qing?), Special Number 16 of Kan: History, Environment, Civilization (Tokyo: Fujiwara shoten, 2009), pp. 108-123.

“Yoroppa, Beikoku ni okeru Manshûgaku: kako, genzai, mirai” (Manchu studies in Europe and the United States: Past, Present, Future.” Tôyô bunka kenkyû 10 (March 2008), pp. 1-17.

“Manshû tôan to shin Shinchô shi” “満洲档案と新清朝史” (Manchu archives and the new Qing history). In
Hosoya Yoshio, ed., Shinchôshi kenkyû no aratanaru chihei 『清朝史研究の新たなる地平』(New perspectives on Qing historical research) (Tokyo: Yamakawa, 2008, pp. 124-139.

“In Memoriam: Frederic Wakeman, Jr., 1937-2006.” China Quarterly 189 (March 2007).

“La Chine moderne: les mandchous et la définition de la nation.” Annales: Histoire, Sciences Sociales,
November-December 2006, pp. 1447-1477.

“Manwen dang’an yu xin Qingshi”「滿文檔案與新清史」 (Manchu archives and the new Qing history).
National Palace Museum Quarterly 『故宮博物院季刊』, December 2006, pp. 1-18.

“The Manchus as Ethnographic Subject in the Qing.” In Joseph Esherick, Madelein Zelin, and Wen-hsin
Yeh, eds., Empire, Nation, and Beyond: Chinese History in Late Imperial and Modern Times. Berkeley:
Institute of East Asian Studies, 2006.

“Ethnicity in the Qing Eight Banners.” In Pamela Kyle Crossley, Helen Siu, and Donald Sutton, eds., Empire at the Margins: Culture, Ethnicity, and Frontier in Early Modern China. Berkeley and Los Angeles:
University of California Press, 2006.

“Whose Empire Shall It Be? Manchu Figurations of Historical Process in the Early Seventeenth
Century.” In Lynn Struve, ed., Time and Temporality in the Ming-Qing Transition. Honolulu: University
of Hawai’i Press, 2005.

“Manchus and the Hunt,” with Chia Ning. In James Millward, Ruth Dunnell, Mark Elliott, and Philippe
Foret, eds., Qing Inner Asian Empire at Chengde. London and New York: RoutledgeCurzon,
2004.

“Qianlong’s Ode to Mukden” and “Manchus and Tigers and Bears.” In Chuimei Ho and Bennet Bronson, eds.,
Splendors of China’s Forbidden City: The Glorious Reign of Emperor Qianlong (London and New York:
Merrell Publishing in association with the Field Museum, 2004).
“Highlights of the Manchu-Mongolian Collection,” with James Bosson. In Patrick Hanan, ed., Treasures of the
Yenching: Seventy-Fifth Anniversary of the Harvard-Yenching Library Exhibition Catalogue. Cambridge:
Harvard-Yenching Library, 2003.

“Qingdai Manzhouren de minzu zhuti yishi yu Manzhouren de Zhongguo tongzhi”「清代满洲人的民族主体
意识与满洲人的中国统治」(Manchu identity and Manchu rule in China). Qingshi yanjiu『 清史研究』2002.4.

“Identity Construction and Reconstruction: Naming and Manchu Ethnicity in Northeast China, 1749-1909,” with Cameron Campbell and James Lee¬. Historical Methods 35.3 (Summer 2002).

“The Eating Crabs Youth Book.” In Susan Mann and Yu-yin Cheng, eds., Under Confucian Eyes:
Documents on Gender in East Asian History. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California
Press, 2001.

“The Manchu-Language Archives of the Qing and the Origins of the Palace Memorial System.” Late
Imperial China 22.1 (June 2001).

“Shindai hakki seido to Manshûjin no aidentitii”“清代八旗制度と満洲人のアイデンティティイ”(The
Eight Banner system and Manchu identity in the Qing). Manzokushi kenkyû tsûshin 『滿族史研究通
信 』10 (2001).

“The Limits of Tartary: Manchuria in Imperial and National Geographies.” Journal of Asian Studies
59.3 (August 2000).

“Manchu Widows and Ethnicity in Qing China.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 41.1 (January
1999).

“Manchu Language and Ethnicity in the Qing.” In Da-li-zha-bu et al., eds., Qingzhu Wang Zhonghan
jiaoshou bashiwu, Wei Qingyuan jiaoshou qishi shouzhen xueshu lunwen ji 『庆祝王钟翰教授八十五,韦庆
远教授其七十寿辰学术论文集』(Festschrift honoring the 85th birthday of Prof. Wang Zhonghan
and the 70th birthday of Prof. Wei Qingyuan). Beijing: Huangshan chubanshe, 1999.

“Vocabulary Notes from the Manchu Archives 2: On the booi.” Saksaha: A Review of Manchu Studies 3
(1998): 18-21.

“Vocabulary Notes from the Manchu Archives.” Saksaha: A Review of Manchu Studies 1 (1996): 7-12.

“Manchu (Re)Definitions of the Nation in the Early Qing.” Indiana East Asian Working Paper Series on
Language and Politics in Modern China 7 (1996).

“Chûgoku no dai’ichi rekishi tôankanzô naikaku to kyûchû Manbun tôan no gaijutsu”“中国の第一歴史档案
館藏内閣と宮中満文档案の概述” (An outline of the Manchu holdings of the Grand Secretariat and
Imperial Palace archives at the No. 1 Historical Archives, Beijing). Tôhôgaku『東方学』 85 (January
1993), pp. 147-157.

“Turning a Phrase: Translation in the Early Qing Through a Temple Inscription of 1645.” Aetas Manjurica 3
(Wiesbaden: Otto Harras¬sowitz, 1992), pp. 12-41.

“Research in the No. 1 Archives.” China Exchange News 19.3-4 (Fall-Winter 1991).
“Bannerman and Townsman: Ethnic Tension in Nineteenth-Century Jiangnan.” Late Imperial China
11.1 (June 1990), pp. 36-74.

“Blazing New Trails: Notes from Manchuria.” China Exchange News 11.2 (June 1983).

Reviews
“Re-Orienting the Manchus: A Study in Sinicization,” by Pei Huang. Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 54 (Dec 2011): 584-588.

“Qing Governors and Their Provinces: The Evolution of Territorial Administration in China, 1644-1796,” by R. Kent Guy. Journal of Asian Studies 70.2 (Nov 2011).

“China’s Last Empire: The Great Qing,” by William T. Rowe. Journal of Military History 74.4 (October 2010), pp. 1269-1270.

“Reconfiguring Chinese Nationalism: How the Qing Frontier and Its Indigenes Became Chinese,” by James Leibold. American Historical Review 113.5 (December 2008).

“Asian Borderlands: The Transformation of Qing China’s Yunnan Frontier,” by C. Patterson Giersch. Journal of Asian
Studies 67.1 (February 2008).

“China Marches West: The Qing Conquest of Central Eurasia,” by Peter C. Perdue. Inner Asia 8 (2006).

“Holy War in China: The Muslim Rebellion and State in Chinese Central Asia, 1864-1877,” by Hodong Kim. Harvard
Journal of Asiatic Studies 66.1 (June 2006).

“The Cambridge History of China, vol. 9, part 1, The Ch’ing Dynasty to 1800,” edited by Willard J. Peterson. Journal
of Asian Studies 64.4 (November 2005).

“Saving the World: Chen Hongmou and Elite Consciousness in Eighteenth-Century China, by William T. Rowe.”
Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 63.1 (June 2003).

“Qing Colonial Enterprise: Ethnography and Cartography in Early Modern China,” by Laura Hostetler. Journal of the
Economic and Social History of the Orient 46.4 (December 2003).

“Manchus and Han: Ethnic Relations and Political Power in Late Qing and Early Republican China, 1861-1928, by
Edward Rhoads.” The Historian 64.3/4 (Spring/Summer 2002).

“New Light on Manchu Historiography and Literature: The Discovery of Three Documents in Old Manchu Script, by
Tatiana Pang and Giovanni Stary.” Journal of Asian Studies 60.4 (November 2001).

“The Last Emperors: A Social History of Qing Imperial Institutions,” by Evelyn S. Rawski. Journal of
Interdisciplinary History 31.1 (Summer 2000).

“Manshûgo bungo bunten” 『満洲語文語文典』, by Yoshihiro Kawachi. Saksaha 4 (1999).

“Brotherhoods and Secret Societies in Early Qing China: The Formation of a Tradition,” by David Ownby. China
Review International 5.1 (Spring 1998): 225-229.

“Spider Eaters: A Memoir,” by Rae Yang. Journal of Asian Studies 57.3 (August 1998): 844-846.
“Manchuria: An Ethnic History,” by Juha Janhunen. Saksaha: A Review of Manchu Studies 2 (1997): 47-48.

“The Cambridge History of China, vol. 6, Alien Regimes and Border States,” edited by Herbert Franke and Denis
Twitchett. Journal of Asian Studies 55.1 (February 1996): 146-149.

“Orphan Warriors: Three Manchu Generations and the End of the Qing World,” by Pamela Kyle Crossley. China
Quarterly July 1991.

Translations
“A Manchu Strange Tales, by Jakdan.” China Heritage Quarterly 19 (September 2009). http://www.chinaheritagequarterly.org/

“Rhyme in Manchu Court Poetry of the Qing,” by Shen Yuan and Mao Biyang. Saksaha 4 (1999).

“The Founding Legend of the Qing Dynasty Reconsidered,” by Matsumura Jun. Memoirs of the Research
Department of the Toyo Bunko 55 (1997): 41-60.

“Directed Marriage (zhi-hun) and the Eight Banner Household Registration System among the Manchus,” by
Ding Yizhuang. Saksaha: A Review of Manchu Studies 1 (1996): 25-30.

“Ming-Qing Studies in Japan: 1992,” by Yamamoto Susumu. Late Imperial China 14.2 (December 1993).

“Ming-Qing Studies in Japan: 1988,” by Iwai Shigeki. Late Imperial China 12.1 (June 1991): 100-114.

Papers and talks presented
“A Reflection and Response to the Debate on the New Qing History.” Department of Asian History, Seoul National University, 11 January 2016.

“The Imperial Turn and Its Meanings for Chinese History” 帝国转向及其对中国历史的意义 (in Chinese). Department of History, Tsinghua University, 11 December 2015.

“Was China an Empire?” First JESHO Lecture, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, 13 October 2015.

“The Qing as a Conquest Dynasty.” Mt. Holyoke College, 12 February 2015.

“Abel-Rémusat and Some Early Thoughts on Translating from Chinese.” Workshop, “China in Translation: Theory, History, Practice.” Harvard University, Cambridge, 21 November 2014.

“Abel-Rémusat and the Secret History of Sinology’s Origins.” Council on East Asian Studies, Yale University, 20 November 2014.

“The Case of the Missing Indigene: Current Discussions of Ethnic Policy Reform in China.” China Studies Program, Jackson School of International Studies, University of Washington, 13 November 2014.

“Locating China Under Heaven.” Conference, “Chinese Ways of Thinking: Imagining the Global,” London School of Economics, 26 June 2014.

“Discovering Empire in China.” International Institute for Asian Studies, University of Leiden, 23 June 2014.

“Abel-Rémusat, la langue mandchoue et la sinologie.” Keynote address at conference, “Jean-Pierre Abel-Rémusat et ses successeurs: Deux cents ans de sinologie française en France et en Chine.” Collège de France, Paris, 13 June 2014.

“Legal Pluralism and Empire in ‘Imperial’ China.” Keynote address at conference, “Constructing Diversity: Ethnicity and Legal Culture in Chinese History,” Bryn Mawr College, 5 April 2014.

“Discovering Empire in China.” Central Asia Program, UCLA Asia Institute, Los Angeles, 3 March 2014.

“Discovering Empire in China.” Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, 18 February 2014.

“Discovering Empire in China.” Colloquium on Empires: Domination, Collaboration, and Resistance, Princeton Institute for International and Regional Studies, Princeton University, 17 February 2014.

“The Return of the Native: The Debate over a ‘Second-Generation’ Ethnic Policy.” New England China Seminar, Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies, Harvard University, 19 November 2013.

“The Return of the Native: The Debate over a "Second-Generation" Ethnic Policy.” Institute of East Asian Studies Distinguished Speaker Series, University of California, Berkeley, 28 October 2013.

“Was Traditional China an Empire?” Tan Lark Sye Memorial Lecture 3, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 5 September 2013.

“The New Qing History: Influence and Response” (新清史研究的影响与回应) (in Chinese). Institute of Ethnic Studies, Central Minorities University 中央民族大学, Beijing, 28 August 2013.

“The ‘New Qing History’ and Its Reception in China.” Tan Lark Sye Memorial Lecture 2, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 22 August 2013.

“The Qianlong Emperor in Triumph and Tragedy” (乾隆皇帝: 胜利与悲剧) (in Chinese). Tan Lark Sye Memorial Lecture 1, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 17 August 2013.

“The New Qing History: Influence and Response” (新清史研究的影响与回应) (in Chinese). Department of History, Nanjing University, 9 May 2013.

“Was China an Empire?” (传统中国是一个帝国吗?) (in Chinese). Institute for Humanistic Research, Fudan University, 7 May 2013.

“The New Qing History: Influence and Response” (新清史研究的影响与回应) (in Chinese). Institute for Humanistic Research, Fudan University, 6 May 2013.

“Was China an Empire?” Eighteenth-Century Interdisciplinary Salon Public Lecture, Washington University in St. Louis, 22 April 2013.

“Imperial Thinking and the New Qing History.” Department of East Asian Studies, Princeton University, 8 April 2013.

“Nation-making in China: Between History and Politics.” Association for Asian Studies Annual Meeting, San Diego, 23 March 2013.

“‘Imperial Thinking’ and the New Qing History.” Tôyô Bunko, Tokyo, 10 December 2012.

“Global Perspectives in the Debate over Chinese Ethnic Policy” (从全球视野看当前中国民族政策的争论) (in Chinese). Presented at conference, “Political Reforms and the Multiethnic Polity of China, or How to Understand China’s ‘Second Generation Nationality Policy’,” 国际学术会议, 中国的政治改革与少数民族的权益: 如何理解所谓的“第二代民族政策,”Shiga University 兹贺大学, Hikone 彦根, Japan, 8 December 2012.

“‘Imperial Thinking’ and the New Qing History.” University of Iowa, Center for Asian and Pacific Studies, 1 October 2012.

“Was China an Empire?” Workshop, “Borderlands: Imperialism, Colonialism, Environment, and Culture.” Vilnius, 22 September 2012.

“The Reinvention of the Manchus: An Imperial People in Post-Imperial China.” 73rd Annual Morrison Lecture, Australian National University, Canberra, 20 June 2012.

“‘Imperial Thinking’ and the New Qing History.” University of Hong Kong, Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences, 28 May 2012.

“Other Stories: The Frontier in Qing History.” Keynote address at international workshop, “Defining the Jecen: The Evolution of the Qing Frontier, 1644-1918.” Hong Kong University and Hong Kong Baptist University, 25 May 2012.

“Qing History a Century After Empire: A Chinese Historikerstreit?” Center for Chinese Studies, University of New South Wales, Sydney, 11 May 2012.

“Inner Asia and the New Qing History.” Conference, “The Past and Present of Inner Asian Studies – Towards Defining Places, Nomenclature and Approaches.” Australian National University, Canberra, 23 March 2012.

“Remaking the Manchus, Remaking China.” Workshop, “1911-2011: Revolution and its Legacy in China,” Free University of Berlin, Berlin, 16 December 2011.

“100 Years After the 1911 Revolution, Why Is Qing History Still So Political?” History Department Workshop, Syracuse University, Syracuse, 14 October 2011.

“Hu shuo: The Northern Other and the Naming of the Han Chinese.” Center for Chinese Studies, University of Washington, Seattle, 12 May 2011.

“What Are We Talking About When We Talk About Ethnicity?” Association for Asian Studies Annual Meeting, Honolulu, 31 March 2011.

“Dangerous Gardens: Portraits of Retreat and Rulership in the Qing.” International symposium, “Artful Retreat: Garden Culture of the Qing Dynasty,” Harvard University and Peabody-Essex Museum, Salem, 12 November 2010.

“Periphery as Center: A Prolegomenon to Future Work in Manchu Studies.” Research Institute of Korean Studies, Korea University, Seoul, 24 August 2010.

“A Few Questions about the ‘New Qing History’” (關於新清史的幾個問題) (in Chinese). International conference, “Politics and National Identity in the Qing Dynasty,” Beijing, 9-11 August 2010.

“Hu, Hua, and Han: Some Considerations of Terms and Categories.” International conference, “Inner Asia and China: Cultural and Historical Connections,” Harvard University, 23-25 April 2010.

“A New Frontier in Xinjiang: State Control and Uyghur Dissent” (with Rian Thum). Boston University, 6 April 2010.

“A Few Questions about the ‘New Qing History’” (關於新清史的幾個問題) (in Chinese). Borderlands Institute, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing, December 2009.

“History in the Making of Modern Xinjiang.” New England China Seminar, Harvard University, 9 October 2009.

“The Old Silk Road in China Today: The Fate of Xinjiang.” Griffith Asia Institute Asia Perspectives Series, Gallery of Modern Art, Brisbane, 23 July 2009.

“Hu shuo: The Northern Other and Han Ethnogenesis.” Chinese Studies Association of Australia Annual Conference, Sydney, 10 July 2009.

“Imperial Minds and National Frontiers: Inner Asia and China in the New Century.” Symposium, “The PRC at 60: An International Assessment,” Fairbank Center, Harvard University, May 2009.

“Hu shuo: The Northern Other and Han Ethnogenesis.” Association for Asian Studies Annual Meeting, Chicago, March 2009.

“The New Qing History.” Department of History, Seoul National University, Seoul, July 2008.

“The Manchu Collection at the Harvard-Yenching Library.” Symposium in Honor of Alfred K’ai-ming Ch’iu (1898-1977), Harvard University, October 2008.

“Manchu Language and Culture.” Queens Library, Flushing Branch, New York City, September 2008.

“Hu shuo: The Northern Other and Han Ethnogenesis.” Keynote address, Conference on Critical Han Studies, Stanford University, April 2008.

“Ming Taizu in the Manchu Mind.” China Humanities Seminar, Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations, Harvard University, April 2007.

“Ming Taizu in the Manchu Mind.” Department of History, University of California, Berkeley, February 2007.

“The Ming in Manchu Memory.” Conference, “The Sense of the Past among Inner Asian Peoples,” Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, March 2007.

“The Manchus, the Ming, and Modern China.” Philip Thomas Lincoln Memorial Lecture in Chinese Studies, Department of Asian Languages and Cultures, University of Michigan, April 2007.

“The Manchus and Modern China.” International History Seminar, Department of History, Harvard University, March 2007.

“Bringing Down the Great Wall: The Manchus and Modern China.” Southern Methodist University, Deparment of Religious Studies, March 2007.

“Bringing Down the Great Wall: The Manchus and Modern China.” Annual So-Koo Lecture, Michigan State University, March 2007.

“Yoroppa, Beikoku ni okeru Manshûgaku: kako, genzai, mirai” (Manchu studies in Europe and the United States: Past, Present, Future.” International Symposium, “Frontiers of East Asian Studies” Gakushuin University, Tokyo, January 2007. (in Japanese)

“The Conquest Dynasties of Twentieth-Century China.” Conference celebrating the career of Frederic E.
Wakeman, Jr., on his retirement. Berkeley, May 2006.

“Hung Up on Hûng U: Manchu Views of Ming Taizu.” Association for Asian Studies Annual Meeting, San
Francisco, April 2006.

“Manchu-language Archives and the New Qing History.” Second International Colloquium on Ch'ing
Archives, Taipei, November 2005. (in Chinese)

“Manchu-language Archival Record Books in the Harvard-Yenching Library: A Brief Introduction.” Second
International Conference on Manchu Studies, Harvard University, May 2005.

“Paintings, Portraits, and Politics at the Qing Court.” In conjunction with the exhibit, “Worshiping the
Ancestors.” Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara, California, January 2004.

“Genre and History in the Ode to Mukden.” International Conference on Manchu Studies, Portland State University, May 2003.

“The Mongol Subaltern: Coloniality and Nationality in the Qing.” Central Eurasian Studies Society annual
conference. Harvard University, October 2003.

“The Few, the Proud, the Manchus: Thoughts on Ethnicity in Early Modern China.” Conference, “Race and
Nation, Identity and Power: Ethnic Systems Around the World.” University of California, Santa
Barbara, February 2002.

“Female Mobility at the Qing Court.” Conference, “Gender in World Historical Studies.” University of
California, Davis, December 2001.

“Identité mandchoue et pouvoir d’une minorité en Chine.” Centre d’Études de la Chine moderne et
contemporaine, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris, June 2001. (in French)

“Identité mandchoue et pouvoir d’une minorité en Chine.” Institut d’Asie orientale, Université de Lyon,
June 2001. (in French)

“Les Qing comme État successeur des Liao, des Jin, et des Yuan: la conscience historique mandchoue durant
la période précédant la conquête.” Centre d’Études de la Chine moderne et contemporaine, École
des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris, June 2001. (in French)

“The New Manchu History, or, What Does It Mean to be Qing?” Centre d’Études de la Chine moderne et
contemporaine, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris, June 2001.

“Brothers in Arms? Mongols in the Manchu Empire.” Indo-Mongolian Society, New York University, May
2001.
“Manchu Identity and Minority Rule in China.” Department of History, Yale University, April 2001.

“Manchu Identity and Minority Rule in China.” Department of History, University of Michigan, February
2001.

“The Eight Banners and Manchu Identity in the Qing.” Conference on Qing Society and the Eight Banners:
Approaches and Sources, Institute for the Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Tokyo
University of Foreign Studies, Tokyo, December 2000.
“The Qing as a Successor State of the Liao, Jin, and Yuan: Manchu Historical Consciousness in the Pre-
Conquest Period.” Committee on Inner Asian & Altaic Studies, Harvard University, October 2000.

“Manchu Identity and Manchu Rule in China.” Department of History, Nihon University, Tokyo, June
2000. (in Japanese)

“Early Manchu Palace Memorials and the Origins of the Qing Palace Memorial System.” Manzokushi
kenkyûkai (Association for Manchu and Qing Studies) Annual Meeting, Fukuoka, June 2000.

“The Eight Banners and Manchu Identity in the Qing.” Institute of Modern History, Academia Sinica,
March 2000. (in Chinese)

“Minority Rule and Manchu Identity in the Qing.” Department of History and Center for East Asian
Studies, Stanford University, March 2000.

“The Limits of Tartary: Frontier and Region in the Qing Imperial Imagination.” Center for Chinese
Studies, University of California, Berkeley, March 2000.

“The Limits of Tartary: Frontier and Region in the Qing Imperial Imagination.” Conference, “Regional
Imaginings of Society in East Asia,” Institute for the Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa,
Tokyo University of Foreign Studies, November 1999.

“The Limits of Tartary: Frontier and Region in the Qing Imperial Imagination.” Conference, “Spatial
Identities in Asian History,” University of Colorado, Boulder, June 1999.

“Manchu Historical Consciousness in the Early Qing.” Conference, “The Qing Formation in World and
Chinese Time,” Indiana University, Bloomington, June 1999. (presented abstract in absentia).

“China and Human Rights.” Forum Commemorating the Tenth Anniversary of June 4th, sponsored
by Santa Barbara chapter of Amnesty International, June 1999.

“Minority Rule and Manchu Identity in the Qing.” Department of East Languages and Civilizations,
Harvard University, April 1999.

“China on the Cusp: The Twentieth Century and Beyond.” UCSB Interdisciplinary Humanities Center
Conference, "Cultural Production in Turn-of-the-Century China," February 1999.

“Eighteenth-Century Ideas of ‘China’ and the ‘Unified Polyethnic State’.” Seminar, “From Late Imperial
to Modern Chinese History: Views from the Eighteenth Century,” UCLA Center for Chinese
Studies, November 1998.

“Why Should the Sinologue Study Manchu? (Or Mongolian? Or Tibetan? Or . . . ?)” International
Symposium on Non-Chinese Sources for Late Imperial Chinese History, University of
California, Santa Barbara, March 1998.

“The Manchus as Ethnographic Subject in Qing biji Writings.” Conference, “Empire and Beyond:
Historical China from the Ming to the Republic,” Center for Chinese Studies, University of
California, Berkeley, December 1997.

“Widows and Widow Chastity in the Qing Eight Banners.” Association for Asian Studies Annual Meeting,
Chicago, March 1997.

“The Manchus in Their Own Words: Language and Identity in the Qing.” International Symposium on
Qing Archival Sources, Tokyo, December 1996.

“Ethnicity in the Qing Eight Banners.” China Colloquium, University of California, Irvine, June 1996.

“Ethnicity in the Qing Eight Banners.” ACLS Conference, “Ethnic Identity and the China Frontier:
Changing Discourse and Consciousness,” Dartmouth College, May 1996.

“Ethnicity and Its Uses in Late Imperial China.” China Colloquium Seminar, University of Washington,
May 1995.

“Mapping the Qing State: All Under Heaven?” Association for Asian Studies Annual Meeting, Washington,
D.C., April 1995.

“Manchu (Re)Definitions of the Nation in the Early Qing.” Symposium, “Empire, Nation, and Region:
Reconsidering the Chinese World Order,” Center for Chinese Studies, University of California,
Berkeley, March 1995.

“Ethnicity and its Uses in Late Imperial China.” IHC New Faculty Lecture Series, University of California,
Santa Barbara, November 1994.

“Introduction to the Background and Use of the Manchu Language.” NEH Summer Institute, Reading
the Manchu Summer Palace at Chengde, Ann Arbor, Michigan, June 1994.

“Manchu History and the Problem of Ethnicity in Late Imperial China.” University of California, San Diego,
May 1994.

“Lexicography in Kuldja: Preliminary Notes on a Russian-Manchu Dictionary of 1890.” American Oriental
Society (Western Branch) Annual Meeting, Berkeley, October 1993.

“Working with the Manchu Archives of the Qing.” Association for Asian Studies Annual Meeting,
Washington, D.C., April 1992.

“An Outline of the Manchu Holdings of the Grand Secretariat and Imperial Palace Archives at the No. 1
Historical Archives, Beijing.” Third Symposium, “Prospects and Problems of Qing Archival
Research,” Institute for the Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Tokyo, February 1991.

“Qing Historical Archives from the Perspective of American Sinology,” Second Symposium, “Prospects and
Problems of Qing Archival Research.” Institute for the Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa,
Tokyo, December 1989.

Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies